ปิดหนังสือนี้Information Systems and the Environment | Edited by Deanna J. Richards Braden R. Allenby and W. Dale Compton
อ้างอิงแหล่งebookenv.html
พิจารณาเอกสารMetadata
พิจารณาเอกสารPreface
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 1: Information Systems and the Environment: Overview and Perspectives
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 2: The Information Revolution and Sustainability: Mutually Reinforcing Dimensions of the Human Future
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 3: Intellectual Property Rights in Data
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 4:Improving Environmental Knowledge Sharing
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 5:Using Environmental Knowledge Systems at DuPont
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 6:Environmental Information Management Systems at Rhône-Poulenc
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 7:Environmental Knowledge-Sharing in Manufacturing
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 8: Modular Design for Recyclability: Implementation and Knowledge Dissemination
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 9: Environmental Information in Supply-Chain Design and Coordination
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 10:Simulation Models for Information Sharing and Collaboration
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 11: Industrial Research and Development Collaborations: Increasing Environmental Knowledge for Competitive Advantage
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 12: InfoSleuth: An Emerging Technology for Sharing Distributed Environmental Information
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 13: Public Access to Environmental Information
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 14:Internet Global Environmental Information Sharing
พิจารณาเอกสารChapter 15: Knowledge Networking for Global Sustainability: New Modes of Cyberpartnering
พิจารณาเอกสารIndex

Index







Index


A

Academic research, see University research

Accidents, industrial, 85, 92, 93, 117-118, 129-130

Acid Deposition Monitoring and Evaluation Program, 175

Agricultural sector, 24
     biotechnology, 26
     chemicals, 87

Air pollution, 1, 4, 5
     acid deposition, 175
     automobiles, 15, 16, 152, 153, 156
     Clean Air Act, 120-121, 137(n.16), 152
     historical perspectives, 1, 2, 15
     public access to information, 175, 177
     supply-chain factors, 128

Air Resources Board, 156

Allenby, Braden, 5, 15-43, 211

American Foundrymen's Society, 156

American National Standards Institute, 176

Art on the Internet, 193

Attitudes
     chemical industry, public opinion, 81
     distrust of technology, 75
     supply-chain design, public relations, 120-121

AT&T, 27

Automobile industry, 5, 15-19, 123
     air pollution and emission control, 15, 16, 152, 153, 156
     collaborative efforts, 151-158
     fuel efficiency, 15-16, 152
     historical perspectives, 1, 2, 15-16, 151-154
     international collaboration, 151-152
     product design, 17, 18, 152
     safety, 16, 152, 153


B

Best practice technology, 11, 62, 69, 70, 89, 106, 118, 120, 133, 134, 196

Biodiversity, 2, 11

Biotechnology, 26

Browner, Carol, 177

Browsers, Internet, 9, 18, 72, 145, 163, 171, 198, 200

Bureau of Census, 36, 39-40


C

Carberry, John, 7, 81-86, 212

Carbon monoxide

Carnot project, see InfoSleuthTM

CD-ROMs, 7, 36, 38, 41, 45, 83, 84, 157

Chemicals sector
     accidents, industrial, 85, 92, 93, 117-118, 129-130
     cost and cost-effectiveness factors
      process redesign, 88-90
      regulatory compliance, 81, 117, 118
      supply-chain factors, 123
     DuPont, 7, 81-96
     employees, 81, 83, 87, 92
      occupational health and safety, 83, 87, 92-93, 119
     energy conservation and efficiency, 82, 83
     human health issues, 85, 87-93 (passim)
      occupational health and safety, 83, 87, 92-93, 119
     knowledge-management systems, 7, 16, 81-86
     liability for environmental damage, 117-119
     process control, 83, 87-93
     product design, 83, 84, 86
     product life cycle, 83, 84, 86, 89
     regulatory issues, 81, 88
      standards, 82, 83, 89, 90, 91
      Toxics Release Inventory, 10, 85, 91, 120, 130, 135, 173, 175, 177, 182
     Rhône-Poulenc, information management systems, 7, 87-93
     supply-chain design, 116, 117-119, 123, 124
     waste management, 83, 84-85
      recycling of waste materials, 83, 85, 123
     wildlife, effects on, 82, 86

Chips, see Semiconductors

Choucri, Nazli, 10, 195-210, 212

Clean Air Act, 120-121, 137(n.16), 152

Clean Water Act, 179

Climate change, 2, 11, 128
     see also Greenhouse gases

Cohen, Julie, 5-6, 45-55, 212-213

Collections of Information Antipiracy Act, 50-51

Colleges and universities, see University research

Communication technologies, 4, 5, 23, 24, 28, 30, 31, 77
     see also Internet
     extranets, 72, 74, 84
     historical perspectives, 28, 30, 37, 38
     information density of an economy, 34, 35, 37, 38, 39
     intranets, 22, 59, 72, 74, 83, 84, 90, 157, 158
     synchronous vs asynchronous, 140-141
     telecommuting, 5, 77

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, 119

Compton, W. Dale, 211-212

Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing, 4, 17, 18, 100, 153

Computer Devices International, see General Dynamics Information Systems

Computer technologies, general, 23, 140
     see also Databases; Electronics industry; Extranets; Internet; Intranets; Networks, computer; Process control; Software
     automobiles, 16-18
     historical perspectives, 27-29
     information density of an economy, 38-40, 41
     semiconductors, 4, 21

Confidentiality, see Privacy and confidentiality

Consortia of firms, 8

Contractors and contracting, see Outsourcing

Cooperative Research and Development Act, 152, 153

Copyright, see Intellectual property

Copyright Act, 47, 49

Corporate Average Fuel Economy, 152

Corporate-level actions, 2, 6-8, 11(n.1), 59-148
     see also Product design; Recycling of waste materials; Small and medium-sized enterprises; Supply-chain factors
     collaborative efforts, 8, 9, 62, 69-72, 77, 139, 143-144, 151-209
      automotive industry, 151-158
      databases, 9, 69, 143-144
      government role, 8, 9, 62, 69, 70, 71, 73, 143-144, 146, 152-154, 155, 156-157, 165-171
      models, 8, 139-148, 185-194
      small enterprises, 11, 139-140, 141, 142
      technology transfer, 8, 9, 62, 69-72, 77, 139, 143-144, 151-209
     databases, 9, 69, 83, 84, 85, 90, 92-93, 143-144
     document management systems, 59, 72
     DuPont, 7, 81-86
     extranets, 72, 74, 84
     intranets, 22, 59, 72, 74, 83, 84, 90, 157, 158
     outsourcing, 4, 63, 73, 75, 76, 89
     Rhône-Poulenc, 7, 87-93
     standards, 11, 59-60, 176
      best practice technology, 11, 62, 69, 70, 89, 106, 118, 120, 133, 134, 196
      chemical industry, 82, 83, 89, 90, 91
      supply-chain design, 116, 117, 120, 131-133, 135

Cost and cost-effectiveness factors, 4
     automobiles, fuel efficiency/air quality regulations, 152
     chemical sector,
      process redesign, 88-90
      regulatory compliance, 81, 117, 118
      supply-chain factors, 123
     energy technologies, 32
     historical perspectives, 28, 142-143
     information density of an economy, 34, 38
     information sharing, 141, 142-143, 147
     intellectual property, 6, 53-54
     liability,
      environmental damage, 117-120, 122, 124, 125, 126, 129, 134, 135, 178
      intellectual property, 6, 47, 48, 49, 50, 54-55
     product design,
      knowledge-sharing, 95, 96, 97, 98, 102
      recycling, modular design for, 105, 107, 108
     public access to information, 176
     regulatory compliance, 81, 117, 118, 134
     substitution of information for energy/materials, 5, 32
     supply-chain design, 117-118, 121, 122-124, 129, 134

Court cases, see Litigation


D

Database Investment and Intellectual Property Antipiracy Act, 49-50

Databases, 140, 158
     see also Knowledge-management systems
     CD-ROM, 7, 36, 38, 41, 45, 83, 84, 157
     corporate-level actions, 9, 69, 83, 84, 85, 90, 92-93, 143-144
     distributed data systems, 9, 10, 18, 28, 147, 160, 180, 185
      Global System for Sustainable Development, 10, 196-209
      InfoSleuthTM, 9, 159-171
     Environmental Data Exchange Network, 9, 160, 165-171
     expert systems, 83, 84
     government agency collaboration, 9, 69, 143-144
     information density of an economy, 36
     InfoSleuthTM, 9, 159-171
     intellectual property issues, 6, 45-55, 144, 146-147, 155
     Internet access, general, 26-27
     Internet access software, 9, 159-171
      browsers, 9, 18, 72, 145, 163, 171, 198, 200
     privacy and confidentiality, 52-53
     public access, 9, 85, 173-194

de Geus, Arie, 33

Decision-making systems, 1
     corporate-level, 59, 60, 76, 78
      see also Product design
     peer review, 11
     public access to information, 174
     simulation models for information sharing, 142

Department of Defense, 156
     Environmental Data Exchange Network, 9, 160, 165-171

Department of Energy
     Environmental Data Exchange Network, 9, 160, 165-171

Design of products, see Product design

Diffusion of technology, see Intellectual property; Technology transfer

Distributed data systems, 9, 10, 18, 28, 147, 160, 180, 185
     Global System for Sustainable Development, 10, 196-209
     InfoSleuthTM, 9, 159-171

Document management systems, 59, 72, 74

Downsizing, 76, 77

DuPont, 7, 81-96

Dutch Management Network, 77


E

Eagan, Patrick, 9, 173-184, 213

Ecological approaches, 2-4, 5, 11
     see also Biodiversity; Wildlife
     industrial ecology, 2-6, 13-55, 116
      intellectual property rights, 45-55
      supply-chain design, 116-135
      sustainability, 15-43

Economic factors, 33
     see also Globalization; Intellectual property
     downsizing, 76, 77
     GDP, 32, 34, 37
     GNP, Japan, 31
     incentive-based approaches, 1, 74, 75
     information density, 34-41
     Internet, 10, 195, 197
     liability,
      environmental damage, 117-120, 122, 124, 125, 126, 129, 134, 135, 178
      intellectual property, 6, 47, 48, 49, 50, 54-55
     market forces, 19, 20, 26, 33, 34, 67, 96, 115, 139
      see also Globalization
      intellectual property, 6, 46, 47, 49, 50, 51, 53-55
      recycling, modular design for, 105
     regional development initiatives, 72
     service sector, general, 3, 22, 24, 25, 33
     supply-chain design, 122-128

Economic Policy Advisory Board, 33

Education
     consumer, 67, 69, 70
     corporate personnel, in-house efforts, 78, 88, 90, 91, 106
     intellectual property protection and professional, 50
     mass media, 81, 185-187, 189-190
     public access, 9, 11, 85, 173-194

Educational attainment
     information density of an economy, 38-39

Electronics industry
     see also Computer technology, general
     GDP, 37, 38
     information density of an economy, 39, 40
     product life cycle, 21-22
     publishing, 27, 35
     semiconductors, 4, 21
     sensor technology, 4, 21, 128
      automobiles, 16, 17, 18, 19
      intelligent vehicle highway system, 46-47, 48, 49, 51

E-mail, 19, 72, 75
     collaborations, 156
     information density of the economy, 34, 40
     software upgrades, 26

Employment and employees
     see also Occupational health and safety
     chemical sector, 81, 83, 87, 92
     education, in-house effects, 78, 88, 90, 91, 106
     incentives, 74, 75
     information density of an economy, 39-40
     knowledge management, 74, 75, 76-77
     service sector, 24
     small manufacturing enterprises, 139-140
     telecommuting, 5, 77

Energy conservation and efficiency, 4
     automobiles, 15-16, 152
     chemical sector, 82, 83
     semiconductor manufacturing, 21

Energy consumption, 1, 3, 4, 11, 32
     substitution of information for, 28, 32

Energy Information Administration, 32

Energy Policy Act, 124

Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 15

EnviroArts, 193

EnviroLink Network, 59, 192-194

Environmental Data Exchange Network, 9, 160, 165-171
     see also InfoSleuthTM

Environmental Defense Fund, 72

Environmental management systems, 130-133

Environmental Protection and Community Right-to-Know Act, 85

Environmental Protection Agency, 128, 136(n.6), 156
     Environmental Data Exchange Network, 9, 160, 165-171
     public access to information, 174-183
     Toxics Release Inventory, 10, 85, 91, 120, 130, 135, 173, 175, 177, 182

Europe
     electronics industry, 22
     intellectual property, 49-50, 52, 53
     privacy rights, 52
     supply-chain design standards, 132

Expert systems, 83, 84

Externalities, 36

Extranets, 72, 74, 84


F

Fact System (Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources), 174, 175, 178, 179, 181

Feedback systems
     automobiles, 15, 19
     Internet information sharing, 186, 191
     supply chain, 8, 117, 119, 127, 129-130, 140
     sustainability, 196
     within firms, 8, 59, 117, 119, 127, 129-130

Feist Publications Inc. v. Rural Telephone Service Co., 47, 50

Financial sector, 3, 25, 26, 33, 34, 67, 96, 115, 139

Foreign relations and trade, see International perspectives

Fowler, Jerry, 9, 159-171, 213-214

Freedom of Information Act, 179


G

GDP, see Gross domestic product

General Dynamics Information Systems, 9

Geographic information systems, 177

Global Partnership on Cyberspace for Sustainability, 197, 208, 209

Global positioning system, 18

Global System for Sustainable Development, 10, 196-209

Globalization, 5, 9, 19, 21, 33, 34, 41, 67, 77, 96, 105
     databases, 46, 47, 50, 51, 53-54
     information sharing, 139-148, 195-209
     Internet information sharing, 185-209 (passim)

Government role, 20, 25, 69, 71
     see also Europe; Legal issues; Legislation; Regulatory issues; specific U.S. departments and agencies
     collaborative efforts, 8, 9, 62, 69, 70, 71, 73, 143-144, 146, 152-154, 155, 156-157
      Environmental Data Exchange Network, 9, 160, 165-171
     public access to information, 9, 85, 173-184

Graedel, Thomas, 7, 95-103, 214

Greenhouse gases, 83
     see also Climate change
     carbon monoxide, 16

Green technology, 3-4, 19, 20
     chemical sector, 83
     consumer education, 67

Gross domestic product, 32
     information density of an economy, 34, 37

Gross national product
     Japan, 31

Groupware, 72


H

Health issues, see Human health issues

Heim, Joseph, 8, 139-148, 214

Heptinstall, James, 7, 74, 87-93, 214

Historical perspectives, 1, 4, 22, 23, 24, 27-33, 115-116, 134
     automobile industry, 1, 2, 15-16, 151-154
     chemicals sector, 81, 87
     computer technologies, general, 27-29
     information density of an economy, 36, 37, 40
     information sharing, 142, 185-186
     Internet publishing, 27
     Internet use levels, 195
     memory chip capacity, 27
     product design, 115-116, 142
     service sector, 22, 24, 25

Human health issues, 10, 127, 195-196
     accidents, industrial, 85, 92, 93, 117-118
     automobile safety, 16, 152, 153
     chemicals sector, 85, 87-93 (passim)
     industrial ecology, 19, 20
     occupational health and safety
      chemicals sector, 83, 87, 92-93, 119
      Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 92-93, 119, 135
      supply-chain factors, 119, 121
     Toxics Release Inventory, 10, 85, 91, 120, 130, 135, 173, 175, 177, 182


I

Incentive-based approaches, 1, 74, 75

Industry Cooperative for Ozone Layer Protection, 69, 71

InfoSleuthTM, 9, 159-171

Intellectual property, 6, 45-55, 144, 146-147, 155
     see also Technology transfer
     chemicals sector, pollution prevention, 85
     European Union law, 49-50, 52, 53
     knowledge management, 75, 76
     licensing of, 6, 45-46, 54, 144, 146-147
     public access to information, 9, 85, 173-184
     small enterprises, 140
     time factors, patent applications, 6, 47
     trade secrets, 6, 47-48, 85

International News Service v. Associated Press, 48-49

International Organization for Standardization, 116, 134, 135, 174
     environmental management systems, 131-133

International perspectives, 32, 188-189
     see also Europe; Globalization; Internet; Japan
     automobile industry, collaboration, 151-152
     communications, 28, 30-31
     databases,
      intellectual property, 49-50, 52, 53
      privacy rights, 52-53
     electronics industry, 22
     knowledge management, 69, 71, 73

Internet, 9-10, 26-27, 59, 72, 185-209 (passim)
     see also E-mail
     Art on the Internet, 193
     automobiles linked to, 18-19
     browsers, 9, 18, 72, 145, 163, 171, 198, 200
     chemicals sector, 84
     consumer information, 69
     database access software, 9
     economic factors, 8, 26, 27
     EnviroLink Network, 59
     feedback systems, 186, 191
     globalization and information sharing, 185-209 (passim)
     income from e-commerce, U.S., 195
     information density of an economy, 34, 40
     information pollution, 34, 189-190
     InfoSleuthTM, 9, 159-171
     intellectual property issues, 45, 48
     misinformation, 189-191
     number of users, 195
     Program on Technology and Sustainable Development, publications, 11(n.1)
     public access issues, 9, 85, 173-194
     software distribution, 8, 26, 27
     software for access, 9, 159-171
      browsers, 9, 18, 72, 145, 163, 171, 198, 200
     sustainability, 10, 195-196
     telecommuting, 5, 77

Intranets, 22, 59, 72, 74, 83, 84, 90, 157, 158

Inventory techniques, 4, 85
     see also Supply-chain factors

Ishii, Kosuke, 7, 105-113, 214-215


J

Japan, 11, 31
     automobile industry, 151
     communication, 31
     electronics industry, 22, 31
     recycling, design for, 107

Just-in-time inventories, 4, 85


K

Kabjian, Michael, 5, 7, 59-79, 215

Killgoar, Paul Jr., 8-9, 151-158, 215-216

Kleindorfer, Paul, 8, 115-138, 216

Knauer, Joshua, 9, 185-194, 216

Knowledge-management systems, 1, 5
     see also Intellectual property
     corporate-level, 2, 6-7, 59, 60-78
      chemical sector, DuPont, 7, 81-86, 91-92
     sustainable development, 2, 195-209
      Global System for Sustainable Development, 10, 196-209
     trade secrets, 6, 47-48, 85


L

Language factors, human, 162, 197, 200, 204-205

Languages, computer, 143, 208
     object-oriented programming, 144-145, 147
     query, 159

Legal issues, 2, 76
     see also Intellectual property; Regulatory issues
     liability,
      environmental damage, 117-120, 122, 124, 125, 126, 129, 134, 135, 178
      intellectual property, 6, 47, 48, 49, 50, 54-55
     litigation, intellectual property rights, 45, 47-49, 50

Legislation
     acid deposition (Wisconsin Acid Rain Law), 175
     Clean Air Act, 120-121, 137(n.16), 152
     Clean Water Act, 179
     Collections of Information Antipiracy Act, 50-51
     Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, 119
     Cooperative Research and Development Act, 152, 153
     Copyright Act, 47, 49
     Database Investment and Intellectual Property Antipiracy Act, 49-50
     Energy Policy Act, 124
     Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 15
     Environmental Protection and Community Right-to-Know Act, 85
     Freedom of Information Act, 179
     intellectual property, 46, 47-48, 49-51, 53, 54
     National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act, 153, 154
     National Cooperative Research and Production Act, 153
     Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act, 120
     Technology Transfer Act, 152, 153

Liability
     environmental damage, 117-120, 122, 124, 125, 126, 129, 134, 135, 178
     intellectual property, 6, 47, 48, 49, 50, 54-55

Liebl, David, 9, 173-184, 217

Life cycle, see Product life cycle

Litigation, intellectual property rights, 45, 47-49, 50


M

Manufacturing sector, 3, 4, 11(n.1), 24, 65, 139
     see also Automobile industry; Chemicals sector; Electronics industry; Materials management and use; Product design; Product life cycle; Recycling of waste materials; Supply-chain factors
     accidents, industrial, 85, 92, 93, 117-118, 129-130
     automobile industry, 5, 15-19
     knowledge-sharing, 95-103, 139-148
     process control, 4, 8, 75, 83, 87-93, 95-96, 99, 107, 116-117
     small and medium-sized enterprises, 11, 71, 132-133, 139-140, 141, 142

Martin, William, 5-6, 45-55, 217

Mass media, 81, 185-187, 189-190
     see also Internet

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 208

Material Safety Data Sheets, 92-93, 119

Materials management and use, 1-2, 3, 4-5, 7, 11, 67, 95, 100, 106-107
     see also Inventory; Recycling of waste materials; Waste management
     intellectual property issues, 46
     packaging, 65, 67, 82, 99, 121, 128
     product design, 7, 99, 100
     substitution of services for products, 5, 22, 26, 28, 32-33

Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation
     InfoSleuthTM, 9, 159-172

Microsoft, 33

Models and modeling, 4, 9
     information density of an economy, 34-36
     information sharing and collaboration, 185-194
      simulations, 8, 139-148


N

National Basketball Ass'n v. Motorola, Inc., 49

National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act, 153, 154

National Cooperative Research and Production Act, 153

National Institute of Standards and Technology
     Environmental Data Exchange Network, 9, 160, 165-171

NCR Corporation, 9

Networks, computer, 9, 10, 18, 22, 41, 72, 93, 143, 146, 159-172
     see also Internet
     distributed data systems, 9, 10, 18, 28, 147, 160, 180, 185
      Global System for Sustainable Development, 10, 196-209
      InfoSleuthTM, 9, 159-171
     EnviroLink, 59
     extranets, 72, 74, 84
     intranets, 22, 59, 72, 74, 83, 84, 90, 157, 158


O

Object-oriented programming, 144-145, 147

Occupational health and safety
     chemicals sector, 83, 87, 92-93, 119
     supply-chain factors, 119, 121

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 135
     Material Safety Data Sheets, 92-93, 119

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 41

Outsourcing, 4, 63, 73, 75, 76, 89


P

Packaging, 65, 67, 82, 99, 121, 128

Patent and Trademark Office, 47

Patents, see Intellectual property

Peer review, 11, 62, 63, 73

Performance metrics, 11(n.1), 135

Pitts, Greg, 9, 159-171, 217

Plug-and-play software, 8, 143

Privacy and confidentiality, 52-53
     see also Trade secrets

Process control, 4, 8, 75
     chemical sector, 83, 87-93
     knowledge-sharing, 95-96, 99
     recycling, design for, 107
     supply-chain design, 116-117

ProCD, Inc. v. Zeidenberg, 45

Product design, 4, 7-8, 11, 63, 64, 65, 115-116
     see also Supply-chain factors
     automobiles, 17, 18, 152
     chemical sector, 83, 84, 86
     computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing, 4, 17, 18, 100, 153
     cost and cost-effectiveness factors,
      knowledge-sharing, 95, 96, 97, 98, 102
      recycling, modular design for, 105, 107, 108
     electronics, general, 21-22
     historical perspectives, 115-116, 142
     knowledge-sharing, 95, 96-101
     materials management and use, 7, 99, 100
     recycling factors, 95, 99, 102, 105-113

Product life cycle, 7, 21, 62, 67, 70
     see also Recycling of waste materials
     chemical sector, 83, 84, 86, 89
     electronics, 21-22
     knowledge-sharing, 96, 97, 100-101, 102
     public access to information, 174, 177-178
     supply-chain design, 116, 118, 122, 124, 127, 128, 129, 132, 136(n.3), 137(n.13)

Public access, 9, 11, 85, 173-194
     consumer education, 67, 69, 70
     mass media, 81, 185-187, 189-190

Public opinion
     chemical industry, general, 81
     distrust of technology, 75, 135
     regulatory issues, 175, 176, 177, 179-181
     supply-chain design, public relations, 120-121, 125, 126, 129-130, 135


Q

Quality control, 1, 11
     see also Standards
     peer review, 11, 62, 63, 73
     performance metrics, 11(n.1), 135

Quality of life, 19, 21, 22, 32
     information density of an economy, 34, 35


R

Raytheon Systems, 9

Recycling of waste materials, 7, 68, 73, 124, 129
     automotive sector, 153
     chemical sector, 83, 85, 123
     cost-effectiveness, 105, 107, 108
     knowledge-sharing, 95, 99, 102
     product design, 95, 99, 102, 105-113
     time factors, 105-106, 108

Regulatory issues, 10, 11(n.1)
     see also Intellectual property; Standards
     automobiles, fuel efficiency/air quality regulations, 152
     chemical sector, 81, 88
     corporate-level actions, 63
     cost of compliance, 81, 117, 118, 134
     Global System for Sustainable Development, 197, 200
     Material Safety Data Sheets, 92-93, 119
     public access to information, 175, 176, 177, 179-181
     supply-chain factors, 117, 118, 119, 120, 122, 125, 127, 126, 128, 134, 135, 177-178
     Toxics Release Inventory, 10, 85, 91, 120, 130, 135, 173, 175, 177, 182

Reichman, J.H,, 53

Reverse logistics, 116, 122, 123, 124, 127, 128, 129

Rhône-Poulenc Inc., 7, 87-93

Richards, Deanna, 5, 7, 59-79, 217-218

Rickard, Maurice, 9, 185-194, 218

Romer, Paul, 33

Royal Dutch Shell, 33


S

Samuelson, Pamela, 53

Schlumberger, 9

Semiconductors, 4, 21, 27
     information density of an economy, 40, 41

Sensor technology, 4, 21, 128
     automobiles, 16, 17, 18, 19
     intelligent vehicle highway system, 46-47, 48, 49, 51

Service sector, 1, 3, 22, 25, 26, 67-69, 76
     see also Outsourcing; Transportation services
     consumer education, 67, 69
     financial sector, 3, 25, 26, 33, 34, 67, 96, 115, 139
     product support, 66, 70
     substitution of services for products, 5, 22, 26, 28, 32-33

Small and medium-sized enterprises
     information sharing and collaboration, 11, 139-140, 141, 142
     supply-chain design standards, 132-133
     technical assistance, 71

Snir, Eli, 8, 115-138, 218

Social factors. 3, 11, 195, 196
     see also Human health; Occupational health and safety
     corporate relations, 2, 10
     Global System for Sustainable Development, 10, 196-209
     language factors, human, 162, 197, 200, 204-205
     public access to information, 9, 11, 85, 173-184, 189

Software, 8, 9, 23, 26
     collaborative knowledge sharing, 157
     corporate-level knowledge sharing, 59
     groupware, 72
     information density of an economy, 38, 39-40, 41
     Internet database access, 9, 159-171
      browsers, 9, 18, 72, 145, 163, 171, 198, 200
     Internet distribution of, 8, 26, 27
     languages, 143, 144-145, 146, 147, 159, 208
     object-oriented programming, 144-145, 147
     plug-and-play, 8, 143

Soil pollution, 2, 128, 177

Solid waste, 2
     see also Materials management and use; Recycling of waste materials

Standards, 1, 2, 11
     American National Standards Institute, 176
     corporate-level, 11, 59-60, 176
      best practice technology, 11, 62, 69, 70, 89, 106, 118, 120, 133, 134, 196
      chemical industry, 82, 83, 89, 90, 91
      supply-chain design, 116, 117, 120, 131-133, 135
     environmental management systems, 131-133
     industrial classifications (SIC), 22, 24-25
     information density of an economy, 36-41
     International Organization of Standardization, 116, 131-133, 134, 135, 174
     plug-and-play software, 143
     quality of life, 19, 21, 22, 32, 34, 35
     recycling, modular design for, 106, 107

Stanford University, 106, 112

Sun Microsystems, 27

Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act, 120

Supply-chain factors, 8, 18, 62, 66-67, 68, 102, 115-138, 158
     see also Inventory techniques
     cost-effectiveness, 117-118, 121, 122-124, 129, 134
     feedback systems, 8, 117, 119, 127, 129-130, 140
     inventory techniques, 4, 85
     occupational health and safety, 119, 121
     product life cycle, 116, 118, 122, 124, 127, 128, 129, 132, 136(n.3), 137(n.13)
     public access to information, 174, 177-178
     public relations, 120-121, 125, 126, 129-130, 135
     regulatory issues, 117, 118, 119, 120, 122, 125, 127, 126, 128, 134, 135, 177-178
     reverse logistics, 116, 122, 123, 124, 127, 128, 129
     small enterprises, standards, 132-133
     standards, 116, 117, 120, 131-133, 135
     transportation factors, 121, 123-124, 128
     waste management, 121-122, 124

Sustainability, 2, 5, 15-43
     global, 10, 195-210
     information density of an economy, 34
     Internet applications, 10, 195-196

Sustainable Business Network, 192-193


T

Technical assistance, 71

Technology transfer, 7, 8-10, 11(n.1), 71, 84-85, 88, 139-148
     see also Intellectual property
     corporate-level, 5, 7, 59, 69, 71, 78, 84-85, 88, 95-103; see also Knowledge management
     collaborative efforts, 8, 9, 62, 69-72, 77, 139, 143-144, 151-209
      global sustainability, 10, 195-209
      InfoSleuthTM, 9, 159-171
      public access, 9, 85, 173-194
     historical perspectives, 22
     Internet, 9, 26-27, 159-171, 185-194
     product life cycle, 96, 97, 100-101, 102

Technology Transfer Act, 152

Telecommuting, 5, 77

Texas Instruments, 9

Time factors
     see also Produce life cycle
     competition, 115, 139
     database property protections, 6
     information density of an economy, 40
     intellectual property protection, 50, 52-53
     just-in-time inventory, 4, 85
     knowledge management, 77
     patent applications, 6, 47
     recycling, modular design for, 105-106, 108

Torts, see Liability

Toxic materials, 10
     see also Chemicals sector

Toxics Release Inventory, 10, 85, 91, 120, 130, 135, 173, 175, 177, 182

Trade secrets, 6, 47-48, 85

Transportation services, 3, 5, 24, 70
     see also Automobile industry
     chemical industry, tankers, 82
     intelligent vehicle highway system, 46-47, 48, 49, 51
     just-in-time inventories, 4, 85
     supply-chain design, 121, 123-124, 128

TRW, 9


U

United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, 197

United States Council for Automotive Research, 154, 155, 156

University research, 5, 51, 53, 72, 105, 106, 113, 116, 139, 143-144, 146, 155, 208


V

Volatile organic compounds, 16


W

Waste management, 2, 33, 67
     see also Recycling of waste materials
     chemical sector, 83, 84-85
     intellectual property issues, 46
     packaging, 65, 67, 82, 99, 121, 128
     substitution of services for products, 5, 22, 26, 28, 32-33
     supply-chain design, 121-122, 124

Water pollution, 2, 177
     acid deposition, 175
     chemical industry, 82
     Clean Water Act, 179
     supply-chain factors, 128

Wiese, Lynda, 9, 173-184, 218

Wildlife
     chemical industry, 82, 86
     habitat loss and, biodiversity, 2, 11

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, 174, 175, 178, 179, 181, 182

World Intellectual Property Organization, 50

World Wide Web, see Internet


Z

Zeidenberg, Michael, 45



 




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